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The B1M | 4:45
HERZOG and de Meuron is one of the world’s most celebrated architects.
Led by Swiss duo, Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron, the Pritzker Prize winning architects have worked around the world on a huge variety of impressive
projects – from stadiums and skyscrapers, to museums and even a car park.
Here we take a look at the top five buildings completed by the Swiss masters (so far!).
5 – 56 LEONARD, UNITED STATES
We kick off with one of Herzog and de Meuron’s latest projects; a daringly formed skyscraper in New York.
Named “56 Leonard” after its address, the skyscraper’s unique, Jenga-esque form, sets it apart from the city’s many rectangular towers.
Above: 56 Leonard in Manhattan, New York (image courtesy of Iwan Baan).
One of a new generation of super-skinny towers that are currently being built in New York, the 60-storey skyscraper comprises of a series of stacked blocks that are increasingly offset from one another as the tower rises.
The skyscraper’s uppermost floors are taken up with 10 storeys of penthouses that cantilever up to 25 feet (7.5 meters) out of the building, offering panoramic views across the city.
4 – NATIONAL STADIUM, CHINA
Next up is the National Stadium in Beijing, another building designed by the Swiss practice with a truly unique form.
Nicknamed the “Bird’s Nest” due to its outward appearance, the USD $428M stadium is wrapped in a seemingly random steel frame that was developed to hide the structure supporting a retractable roof.
Above: The National Stadium was the centre-piece of the 2008 Olympic Games.
Although the roof was later abandoned, the design was retained giving the building its instantly recognisable appearance.
Built as the centre piece for the 2008 Olympic Games, the Bird’s Nest is scheduled to be used again during the 2022 Winter Olympics, becoming the first
stadium in history to host both the Summer and Winter Olympic opening ceremonies.
3 – 1111 LINCOLN ROAD, UNITED STATES
Next up is a serious contender for the title of "world’s most aesthetically pleasing car park".
Completed in 2010, this building in Miami is a car park like no other – with 300 parking spaces, shops, a private residence and a roof top restaurant arranged in a truly mixed-use project.
Above: 1111 Lincoln Road is not your average car park (image courtesy of Hufton + Crow).
Ceiling heights in the fully open concrete structure vary between standard parking height to double and even triple height bays. This allows the spaces to be used for a variety of alternative purposes, such as parties, photo shoots, fashion shows or concerts.
2 – TRINITY LABAN DANCE CENTRE, UNITED KINGDOM
Second on our list is a building that saw Herzog and de Meuron secure the highest accolade in British architecture: the Stirling Prize.
The architects claimed this prize in 2003 for their Trinity Laban Dance Centre in south London.
Above: The Trinity Laban won Herzog and de Meuron the Stirling Prize in 2003 (image courtesy of Tim Crocker).
Designed to showcase the silhouettes of dancers without compromising their privacy, the building’s 13 dance studios are arranged around the perimeter of
the building and clad with translucent polycarbonate in an exciting variety of colours.
1 – TATE MODERN, UNITED KINGDOM
Our first place is technically a joint-award, recognising two buildings designed by the architects for London’s Tate Modern.
Herzog and de Meuron converted the giant Bankside Power Station into a home for the Tate Modern art museum in 2000, then returned to the building 15 years later to add an extension.
The original refurbishment retained the form of the original structure and took advantage of its industrial spaces – including the huge turbine hall –
to create a spectacular venue for exhibiting art.
Above: The Tate Modern is the third most visited attraction in the UK (image courtesy of Iwan Baan).
With the gallery’s rising popularity, the architects added a striking ten-storey brick tower to the building in 2016 that doubled the amount of display space and created one of the world’s largest museums of modern art.
The building now welcomes almost six million visitors each year making it the third most popular visitor attraction in the UK.
Other projects that didn't make our list but are of course worthy of mention include: "Elbphilharmonie", an impressive concert hall in Hamburg, Germany; the "CaixaForum", an arts centre in Madrid, Spain; and "VitraHaus", a showcase for furniture in Weil am Rhein, Germany.
You can learn more about Herzog and de Meuron and their work here.
Images courtesy of Hufton + Crow, Iwan Baan, Carlos Twose, Ade Russell, Nelson Garrido, Herzog and De Meuron, Jim Stephenson, Tim Crocker, Fred Romero, Michael Duerinickx, Peter Schaefer and Duccio Malagamba.
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